Jim Crow and Stereotypes of African Americans


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Here is some background information about racism towards blacks in the South. Students might not know the depth of antipathy towards Blacks.  Collected here are some links, images and maps that show the history and future of racism in America.  These images and data profoundly affect the world of A Lesson Before Dying, though they are not mentioned in the novel.


1 What Was Jim Crow: Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system which operated primarily, but not exclusively in southern and border states, between 1877 and the mid-1960s.

2 Who Was Jim Crow: The name Jim Crow is often used to describe the segregation laws, rules, and customs which arose after Reconstruction ended in 1877 and continued until the mid-1960s.


3. Types of Jim Crow: There were many “variations” of the stereotype to adapt to the wide variety of African Americans.  Among these were:


the “Brute Caricature,”




“[Uncle] Tom Caricature,”


3. Jim Crow Interactive (PBS)
Videotape of The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
LaGuardia Media - Media - VHS 1446

Print Related to PBS series

On Line

Resources (duplicate in “Get Involved”)

Interactive Time Line (duplicate in introduction