• ELA Department
  • Please refer to the 2015-2016 catalog for the latest list of course offerings. Also the course schedule for an upcoming semester can be found on the CUNYFirst Schedule of Classes.

    1. Choose "Institution" and "Term". 
    2. Type the course subject (e.g., ESL, ESR, ELJ, etc.) 
    3. Select "Undergraduate LaGuardia CC" in Course Career and uncheck "Show Open Classes Only" 
    4. Click on "Search" 


  •  ESL
    1. ESA099: Basic Writing for NNS of English (0 credits; 6 hours (4 lecture, 2 lab) (Equivalent to ENG099))
      This course aims at developing college-level writing proficiency. By emphasizing the writing process, rhetorical conventions, sum- mary writing, paraphrasing and analytical language skills, the course will prepare students for timed, high-stakes essays, such as the CATW. In addition, students will learn to identify and correct grammatical errors in their own compositions and learn to employ argumentative and other rhetorical modes in a short essay form to clearly express ideas written in academic English. 
      Prerequisite: ESL/ESR099 or waiver

    2. ESC099: Accelerated Composition for Select Readers (0 credits; 10 hours (8 lecture, 2 lab))
      This is an accelerated writing-intensive composition course that merges Basic Writing I for Non-Native Speakers of English with English for Select Readers to develop college level writing skills emphasizing writing process, fluency, grammatical accuracy, text- based writing and critical reading strategies to effectively use var- ious academic written modes. This course is not open to repeaters of any levels of ESR/ESL or CSE. 
      Prerequisite: Pass COMPASS, ESR098; ESR 099 Placement/Passing Grade in ESR 098 plus Exemption from Reading or Passing Score on COMPASS Reading Exam. No repetition of any level of ESL/ESR or CSE courses.

    3. ESE099: Intensive Basic Writing for NNS of English (0 credits; 45 hours)
      This is a one-week intensive version of ESA 099. This course aims at developing college-level writing proficiency. Emphasizing the writing process, rhetorical conventions, summary writing, para- phrasing and analytical language skills, the course will prepare students for timed, high-stakes essays, such as the CATW. In addi- tion, students will learn to identify and correct grammatical errors in their own compositions and learn to employ argumentative and other rhetorical modes in a short essay. 
      Prerequisite: ESL/R099 or waiver, departmental permission

    4. ESL097: English as a Second Language II (0 credits; 10 hours (10 lecture, 2 lab) (Equivalent to First Year Institute USE097))
      This course is designed for students who have some knowledge of English and need to develop competency in their academic reading, writing, speaking and listening skills.  The emphasis will be on writing, critical reading strategies, and interpreting college-level materials. Knowledge of grammar and application of grammar are an integral part of the course. 

    5. ESL098: English as a Second Language III (0 credit; 9 hours (7 lecture, 2 lab) (Equivalent to First Year Institute USE098))
      This course helps intermediate level ESL students to improve their reading and writing skills and also provides practice in listening and speaking. All of the activities focus on expanding the students’ knowledge of English and developing fluency in all of the skills. At the end of the course, students must demonstrate increased com- petency in writing as well as in reading, speaking and listening. 
      Prerequisite: ESL097 or placement exam

    6. ESL099: English as a Second Language IV (0 credit; 10 hours; (8 lecture, 2 lab) (Equivalent to First Year Institute USE099))
      This course provides extensive practice in reading, writing, listening and speaking using college-level materials, and helps students increase their vocabulary and study skills. Its purpose is to enable students to express ideas in acceptable written and spoken English. 
      Prerequisite: ESL/ESR098 or placement exam

    7. ESR097 ESL III for Select Readers (0 credit; 6 hours (6 lecture, 2 lab)
      This course is an accelerated ESL writing intensive course designed for ESL students who are placed in ESL097 and CSE099 or have passed the Reading COMPASS Exam. It provides students an opportunity to develop college level writing skills, emphasizing writing process second language fluency, grammatical accuracy, text-based writing and critical and analytical strategies to write both narrative and expository compositions effectively.
      Prerequisite: ESR 097 Placement (ESL097 writing, CSE099 placement or exemption from Reading COMPASS Exam)

    8. ESR098 ESL III for Select Readers (0 credit; 6 hours (6 lecture, 2 lab) (Equivalent to ESL098))
      This is an accelerated course which focuses on expository writing and critical reading skills for the non-native speaker of English and is open only to those students who achieve a predetermined level based on the reading placement test. Oral presentations and/or themes will follow the discussion of reading selections used to improve students’ ability to think critically. These selections and the students’ compositions will be used for grammar and vocabu- lary instruction. 
      Pre- or Corequisite: This course is only open to new students who place at the ESL098 level and who either place into CSE099 or have a passing score on the Compass Reading test.

    9. ESR099: ESL IV for Select Readers (0 credit; 8 hours; (6 lecture, 2 lab) (Equivalent to ESL099))
      This is an accelerated ESL099 course which provides extensive practice in reading, writing, listening and speaking using college- level materials and helps students increase their vocabulary and study skills. Its purpose is to enable students to express ideas in acceptable written and spoken English. Final compositions read by both ESL and English Department faculty determine placement in English Department courses. 
      Prerequisite: ESR098 or placement exam
  •  Communication Skills


    • CSE103: Advanced Reading and Study (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This course is designed for the development of reading and study skills at an advanced level. Emphasis is on such skills as vocabulary improvement, previewing, note-taking, test-taking, summarizing and critical analysis. Students explore different types of exposition and styles of writing. Content area materials are utilized. 
      Prerequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG099, MAT095

    • CSE105: Vocabulary Enhancement (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This course introduces students to methods of expanding their vocabulary. The development of modern English is studied to explain the state of current vocabulary. Various types of dictionaries, Greek and Latin word elements and meanings derived from context are explored. Special consideration is given to introducing the students to the vocabulary essential to their major area of study. 
      Pre- or Corequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG099

    • CSE110: Literacy and Propaganda (3 credits; 3 hours; Liberal Arts Elective)
      This course introduces students to methods of understanding a highly developed and pervasive discourse: propaganda. Emphasis is placed on reading materials that use the persuasive and argumentative language of politics, advertising, cultural discussions and the media. Political speeches, essays, editorials, and articles are used to enlarge the student's experience with the materials and tools of propaganda. The student will acquire the intellectual framework and sophisticated level of literacy needed to recognize and respond to the aims of propaganda. 
      Prerequisite: CSE095, ESL/ESR099; Pre- or Corequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG099

    • CSE120: Reading the Biography (3 credits; 3 hours; Liberal Arts Elective)
      This course will introduce students to the critical reading and evaluation of biographies, autographs, memoirs, diaries and journals. The aims of the course will be to: evaluate claims to truth and truthful recollections; examine historical claims through first person accounts; develop awareness of the methods and techniques of biographical and autobiographical writing; understand the uses of biographical writing and its place in society; and explore biographies and autobiographies as vehicles for the creation of the self. The student will become proficient and develop deeper appreciation of biographical narratives and their uses in self-understanding. The materials to be read in class will vary by semester and the course may be thematically organized. 
      Pre- or Corequisite: ESL/ESR098

    • CSE150: The Evolution of the Reading Experience (3 credits; 3 hours; Liberal Arts Elective)
      This course is designed to familiarize the student with the cultural and technological factors which have defined and influenced the activity of reading. The emphasis of the course will be on the evolution of reading and the gradual changes affecting the reading experience. Students will be expected to understand significant developments that relate to reading: the invention of writing, the creation of books, the invention of the printing press, and more recent changes in print communication. This course will explore reading from the perspectives of other cultures and will trace the varieties of reading experiences that have been key features in the transformation of Western and non-Western cultures. 
      Prerequisite: CSE099, ENG099

    • CSE200: Speed Reading (2 credits; 3 hours)
      This course is offered for students who are interested in power reading techniques. Emphasis is placed on the development of effective reading habits and the techniques of rapid reading, identifying author’s patterns of writing, skimming, scanning and ongoing practice with mechanical aids and timed exercises. 
      Prerequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG099, MAT095
  •  Modern Languages and Literature


    1. ELA101: Elementary Arabic 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed for beginners of Arabic and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Arabic. An understanding of Arabic culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Arabic pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELA102 before receiving credit for ELA101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    2. ELA102: Elementary Arabic 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELA101 Elementary Arabic 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELA101 or Exemption exam

    3. ELA103: Intermediate Arabic 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help students who completed ELA102 to enhance their four basic skills in Arabic. The course especially focuses on improving students' Arabic grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Arabic through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Arabic. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELA102 or Exemption exam

    4. ELA105: Arabic for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Arabic to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Arabic grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Arabic through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Arabic. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Placement Test

    5. ELA201: Modern Arabic Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will familiarize students with the literacy production of authors from the Arabic-speaking world. Reading and analysis of representative works of different styles, genres, and literay periods will be selected every semester. Thig course is taught in Arabic. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    6. ELA250: Modern Arabic Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a survey of modern Arabic literature in translation. It examines an array of literary writings from the late 19th century to the present and explores social, religious, and historical contexts in which these literary works were created. Readings include fiction, short stories, memoirs and polemical pieces as well as novels by Middle Eastern and North African writers. Particular attention is given to writings investigating contact between the Arab world and the West.      
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    7. ELC101: Elementary Modern Chinese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is for beginners of Modern Chinese (Mandarin) and aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Chinese. An understanding of Chinese culture is also nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Chinese pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELC102 before credit is granted for ELC101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    8. ELC102: Elementary Modern Chinese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELC101 and is designed to further develop students' language fluency and proficiency, and communication skills of the target language within a cultural and linguistic context. The basic Chinese writing system and characters will be introduced. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELC101 or Exemption exam

    9. ELC103: Intermediate Modern Chinese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELC102, Elementary Chinese 2. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in Chinese with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in Chinese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELC102 or Exemption exam

    10. ELC105: Chinese for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Chinese to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Chinese grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Chinese through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Chinese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    11. ELC106: Chinese for Heritage Speakers 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELC105, Chinese for Heritage Speakers 1. This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Chinese to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Chinese grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Chinese through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Chinese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam 

    12. ELC115: Chinese for Community Wellness
      This course will teach basic Chinese (Mandarin) in the context of a diverse community setting using the communicative approach. It will focus primarily on fundamental language structures, cultural issues, and language related to health and wellness that will allow for effective interaction between community workers and Chinese-speaking residents. This is an introductory course that requires no previous experience with the Chinese language and is closed to proficient speakers of Chinese. 
      Prerequisites: CSE095/ESL097


    13. ELC150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
      This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELC101

    14. ELC201: Modern Chinese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course introduces students to modern Chinese literature and culture. Readings will be taken from various genres of literature, with an emphasis on modern Chinese literary expression. The course aims at strengthening the student's ability to read and discuss literature in Chinese. Special attention will be paid to the Chinese literary tradition and its relationship to Western literature. 
      Prerequisites: CSE098 or CSE099 and ENA099 or ENG099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELC103 or Exemption Exam

    15. ELC202: Contemporary Chinese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is an introduction to contemporary Chinese literature. It aims at familiarizing students with the literature written in Chinese from 1949 to the present, and the concomitant transformation of Chinese socio-cultural milieu since the creation of the People's Republic of China. This course is taught in Chinese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    16. ELC203: Classic Chinese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is an introduction to classical Chinese literature. It aims at strengthening students' ability to read and comprehend original texts written in wen yan wen, classical written Chinese. Furthermore, it enables students to have direct, zero-distance contact with genuine Chinese culture and ideology. This course is taught in Chinese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    17. ELC250: Chinese Literature in English Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is an introduction to Chinese literature in English translation. Students will read and discuss selected philosophical and historical writings, poetry, prose, fiction, and drama from the Zhou Dynasty to the modern period, including Tang poems, Yuan plays, and the modern novel. Thematic and stylistic variety of the various genres will be explored. Knowledge of the Chinese language is not required. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    18. ELF101: Elementary French 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed for beginners of French and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in French. An understanding of Francophone culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn French pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELF102 before receiving credit for ELF101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    19. ELF102: Elementary French 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELF101 Elementary French 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELF101 or Exemption exam

    20. ELF103: Intermediate French 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELF102 Elementary French 2. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in French with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in French. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELF102 or Exemption exam

    21. ELF105: French for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of French to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' French grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in French through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in French. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    22. ELF150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
      This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELF101

    23. ELF201: French Literature from a Global Perspective (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is an introduction to the literature and culture of French speaking countries through various forms of literary expression. Readings and discussions will emphasize the rich contributions of African, Caribbean and North American writers and artists, as well as responses to them from France and the United States. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099 and ESW099 or EG099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELF103 or Placement exam

    24. ELF250: Contemporary Francophone Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course examines the thematic and stylistic variety of contemporary French language literature in different genres in English translation. Students will explore themes of identity, memory, time, sex and sexuality, the Pan-African diaspora, colonial and post-colonial relations, the Enlightenment heritage, the links to national and international movements, and the politics of resistance and language choice through the analysis of representative poems, stories, novellas and novels. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENG101

    25. ELG103: Intermediate Greek (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to further develop language skills. The relationship between speaking, reading and writing is emphasized. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    26. ELH101: Elementary Hebrew I (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course for beginners is designed to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills through work in the classroom and the language laboratory. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    27. ELH102: Elementary Hebrew II (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of Elementary Hebrew I. It is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading and writing through work in the classroom and the language laboratory. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELH101 or Exemption exam

    28. ELH201: Contemporary Hebrew Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is an introduction to literature written in modern Hebrew and the culture of Israel. Its goal is to familiarize students with an author, a genre or a theme and to explore the socio-cultural milieu in which it developed.This course is taught in modern Hebrew. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    29. ELI101: Elementary Italian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed for beginners of Italian and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Italian. An understanding of Italian culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Italian pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELI 102 before receiving credit for ELI 101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    30. ELI102: Elementary Italian 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELI101, Elementary Italian 1 and is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. Students will learn more about Italian pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in selected cultural contexts. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELI101 or Exemption exam

    31. ELI103: Intermediate Italian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Italian within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. This course is taught mostly in Italian. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    32. ELI107: Italian for Spanish Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed as an accelerated introduction to Italian for Spanish-speaking students with native or near-native proficiency. Traditional and innovative approaches will be used to develop communication skills - understanding, speaking, reading and writing. Students will also be introduced to Italian culture through readings, images, lectures, music and film. The course is conducted in Italian. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    33. ELI150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
      This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELI101

    34. ELI200: Social Themes in Italian Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course offers an introduction to Italian literature and its relationship to the dynamics of social change. Through reading, individual research, attendance of plays and films, the student will have the opportunity to explore the different forms of literary expression and the social values they reflect. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG099 and ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: ELI103 or Exemption exam
    35. ELI250: Italian Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This introduction to Italian literature begins with a discussion of Dante's Hell as a medieval outcry against political corruption. The course concludes with Italo Calvino's twentieth-century portrait of a man who takes to the trees as a form of social commentary. The class will explore literary themes in social and political context through diverse media. The course will be conducted in English, and students will read the literary works in English translation. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG099 and ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: ENG099

    36. ELJ101: Elementary Japanese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Japanese. Knowledge and understanding of Japanese culture are also nourished through the examination of cultural practices, products, and perspectives. Writing and reading of hiragana and katakana skills will be introduced as well. Note: Students proficient in Japanese must take higher-level courses appropriate for their proficiency levels. Also, a student must successfully complete ELJ102 before credit is granted for ELJ101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    37. ELJ102: Elementary Japanese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELJ101 Elementary Japanese 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. While the main emphasis is on the spoken language, reading and writing of the Japanese scripts, including approximately 50-60 kanji characters, will be gradually reinforced. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELJ101 or Exemption exam

    38. ELJ103: Intermediate Japanese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELJ102 Elementary Japanese 2. The course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase students' ability to communicate accurately in Japanese within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing are emphasized. Particular attention is paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. The kanji writing system will be reinforced. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELJ102 or Exemption exam

    39. ELJ104: Intermediate Japanese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELJ103 and focuses on developing students' reading and writing fluency in Japanese and the proper use of Japanese in cultural contexts. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELJ103 or Exemption exam

    40. ELJ105: Japanese for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Japanese to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The class especially focuses on Japanese grammar, usage, and students' critical reading and writing strategies in Japanese through project-based assignments. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    41. ELJ110: Intensive Japanese 1 & 2 (6 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 4 credits)
      This course is an intensive course for beginners using a communicative approach to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in Japanese grammar, pronunciation, vocabularay, and familiarity with the culture of Japanese-speaking people. This course is equivalent to ELJ101-102, and it is not open to native or heritage speakers of Japanese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    42. ELJ201: Modern Japanese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will familiarize students with modern Japanese literature through selected readings of representative authors from the Meiji, Taisho, Showa, and post-war periods. The class explores, analyzes and interprets literary works in social and historical backgrounds of contemporary Japan. Authors' artistry judgments will also be discussed. All readings are in Japanese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    43. ELJ250: Japanese Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is an introduction to Japanese literature in English translation. Selected classics of Japanese literature, representative of the major genres from the early to the modern period, will be read and discussed. Thematic and stylistic variety of various genres will be explored. Knowledge of the Japanese language is not required. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    44. ELK101: Elementary Korean 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is for beginners of Korean and aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Korean. An understanding of Korean culture is also nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Korean pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. The Korean script Hangeul will be introduced from the beginning of the course. Note: students must successfully complete ELK102 before credit toward graduation is granted for ELK101 Elementary Korean 1. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    45. ELK102: Elementary Korean 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELK101 Elementary Korean 1 and is designed to further develop students' language fluency, proficiency and communication skills in the target language within a cultural and linguistic context. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELK101 or Exemption exam

    46. ELK103: Intermediate Korean 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELK102. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in Korean with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in Korean. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELK102 or Exemption exam

    47. ELK105: Korean for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Korean to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Korean grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Korean through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Korean. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    48. ELK150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
      This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELK101

    49. ELK201: Modern Korean Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will familiarize students with modern Korean literature through selected readings of representative authors from 1910 to present. The class explores, analyzes and interprets literary works reflecting major sociopolitical and historical movements, including conflicts between tradition and modernity, colonialism, construction of national identity, the Korean War and national division, and industrialization. This course is taught in Korean. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    50. ELK250: Modern Korean Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will familiarize students with modern Korean literature through selected readings of representative authors from 1910 to present in English translation. The class explores, analyzes and interprets literary works reflecting major sociopolitical and historical movements, including conflicts between tradition and modernity, colonialism, construction of national identity, the Korean War and national division, and industrialization. Knowledge of the Korean language is not required. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    51. ELM101: American Sign Language 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) as used by the Deaf community, including vocabulary, syntax, grammar, semantics, language in use and Deaf cultural notes. It focuses on the development of language and communication competencies. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    52. ELM102: American Sign Language 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course builds on the foundations of American Sign Language 1 (ELM 101). The course focuses on American Sign Language as used by the Deaf community and includes instruction in vocabulary, syntax, grammar, semantics, language in use and Deaf cultural behavior. The course focuses on the development of language and communication competencies. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELM101

    53. ELM103: American Sign Language 3 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course builds on students' ASL competences and their use of ASL in a variety of discourse and narrative settings. Skills to be developed are: spatial organization, semantic awareness, complex use of ASL grammar and syntax, the use of classifiers, cultural perspectives of content and Deaf people's views of both Deaf and hearing worlds. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Prerequisite: ELM 102 with a passing grade of C+ or better

    54. ELM104: American Sign Language 4 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course focuses on the advanced development of students' ASL competences and their use of ASL in a variety of discourse and narrative settings. Skills to be developed are: spatial organization, spatial visualization and mapping work; analysis of semantics, complex use of ASL grammar and syntax, the use of classifiers, and cultural perspectives of contents and Deaf culture and bilingual perspectives. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Prerequisite: ELM 103 with a passing grade of C+ or better

    55. ELM111: ASL Fingerspelling, Numbers and Glossing 1 (1 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
      This course introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) fingerspelling , numbers and glossing. It focuses on the development of ASL parameters, including hand shapes, orientation, location, movement and non-manual signals. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELM102

    56. ELM112: Fingerspelling, Numbers and Glossing 2 (2 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 2 credits)
      This course builds on the foundations of American Sign Language (ASL) fingerspelling, numbering and glossing covered in ELM 111. The course focuses on the further development of ASL parameters, including hand shapes, orientation, location, movement and non-manual signs. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELM111 and ELM103

    57. ELN101: Introduction to Bilingualism (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, Urban Study/Writing Intensive)
      The course provides a general introduction to bilingualism. It covers the rationale, principles and applications of a bilingual philosophy of learning. It considers cognitive, psycholinguistic, social and political aspects of bilingualism. It examines language acquisition theories and issues of language and culture maintenance. It also introduces models of bilingual education and bilingual instruction, including past and present legislation. Experiential learning constitutes a significant part of the course. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099, ENA/ENG099, ENC101, and ESA099 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    58. ELN105: Languages of the World and of New York City (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, Urban Study/Writing Intensive)
      This course explores language use and language history, particularly in the New York metropolitan area. It is an investigation of the features of indigenous languages of the Americas as well as those belonging to the influx of languages from around the world, revealing their deep-seated similarities and surprising differences. It examines the preservation and change of languages and their use in cultural communities in the urban setting. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099 and ESR099/ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: MAT095 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    59. ELN194: The Puerto Rican Community Minority Group Experience (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, Urban Study/Writing Intensive)
      This course examines the Puerto Rican community in order to provide an enhanced awareness of and sensitivity to the value systems of New York City's minorities. Students will experience firsthand the cultural heritage of one of the city's largest minorities and will learn about their contributions, conditions, and problems. Field trips will include El Barrio, Office of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Puerto Rican Traveling Theatre, and other organizations. 
      Prerequisites: CSE098 and ENG099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    60. ELP101: Elementary Polish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed for beginners of Polish and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Polish. An understanding of Polish culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Polish pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELP102 before receiving credit for ELP101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    61. ELP102: Elementary Polish 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELP101 Elementary Polish 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELP101 or Exemption exam

    62. ELP103: Intermediate Polish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELP102 Elementary Polish 2. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in Polish with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in Polish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELP102 or Exemption exam

    63. ELP105: Polish for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Polish to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the academic and formal register. Students will acquire skills that range from learning grammar and spelling, and developing vocabulary, to interpretation and analysis of different literary genres. Students will explore a broad variety of cultural themes. Topics will include: Polish literature - classic and modern, social life, contemporary affairs and films. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    64. ELP150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
      This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELP101

    65. ELP201: Modern Polish Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      Introduction to the literature and literary criticism of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Polish writers. An examination of artistic, literary and intelectual movements on the background of European political events from the perion of partitions, through independent statehood, German occupation and the communist experiment. The themes of national and linguistic identity within major literary and philosophical works are explored. Authors include Nalkowska, Schulz, Witkiewicz, Gombrowicz and Lem. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    66. ELR101: Elementary Russian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed for beginners of Russian and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Russian. An understanding of Russian culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Russian pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELR 102 before receiving credit for ELR 101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    67. ELR102: Elementary Russian 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELR101 Elementary Russian 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELR101 or Exemption exam

    68. ELR103: Intermediate Russian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Russian within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. This course is taught mostly in Russian. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELR102 or Exemption exam

    69. ELR105: Russian for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Russian to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Russian grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Russian through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Russian. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    70. ELR110: Intensive Elementary Russian 1 & 2 (6 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 6 credits)
      This is an intensive course for beginners using a communicative approach to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in Russian grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, and familiarity with the culture of Russian-speaking peoples. The Cyrillic alphabet will be introduced from the onset. This course is not open to native or heritage speakers of Russian. This course is equivalent to ELR101-102, and it is not open to native or heritage speakers of Russian. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    71. ELR201: Russian Literature of the 20th Century (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will familialize students with key works by Russian writers from the end of the tsarist monarchy to the present. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    72. ELR250: 20th-Century Russian Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is an introduction to Russian literature of the twentieth century in English translation. Selected texts covering the major genres and movements will be read, discussed, and explored. Texts are analyzed in terms of their ethical implications in the context of local and national ideologies of Russia in the 20th century. Works will be interpreted as reflecting norms and values of social and invidiual facts of the time. Knowledge of Russian is not required. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    73. ELS101: Elementary Spanish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Spansh. Knowledge and understanding of Spanish culture is also nourished through the examination of cultural practices, products, and perspectives. Note: This class is not for native or heritage speakers of Spanish. Students proficient in Spanish and heritage speakers must take higher-level courses appropriate to their proficiency levels. Also, a student must successfully complete ELS102 before credit is granted for ELS101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    74. ELS102: Elementary Spanish 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELS101 Elementary Spanish 1. It is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. This class is not for native or heritage speakers of Spanish. Students proficient in Spanish and heritage speakers must take higher-level courses appropriate to their proficiency levels. Also, a student must successfully complete ELS102 before credit is granted for ELS101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS101 or Exemption exam

    75. ELS103: Intermediate Spanish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Spanish within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. This course is taught mostly in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS102 or Exemption exam

    76. ELS104: Intermediate Spanish 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELS103 and focuses on developing students' reading and writing fluency in Spanish and the proper use of Spanish in cultural contexts. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS103 or Exemption exam

    77. ELS105: Spanish for Heritage Speakers 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Spanish to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in their formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on Spanish grammar, usage, and students' critical reading and writing strategies in Spanish through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    78. ELS106: Spanish for Heritage Speakers 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELS105, Spanish for Heritage Speakers 1. This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Spanish to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Spanish grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Spanish through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption exam

    79. ELS110: Intensive Elementary Spanish 1 & 2 (6 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 6 credits)
      This course is an intensive course for beginners using a communicative approach to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in Spanish grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, and familiarity with the culture of Spanish-speaking people. This course is equivalent to ELS101-102, and it is not open to native or heritage speakers of Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    80. ELS115: Spanish for Healthcare Professionals (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will teach basic Spanish language in the context of a diverse clinical and community setting using the communicative approach. It will focus primarily on fundamental language structures, medical terminology and cultural issues that will allow a successful interaction between healthcare workers and Hispanic patients/clients. This is an introductory course which requires little or no experience in Spanish and is closed to native speakers of Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    81. ELS150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
      This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS101

    82. ELS200: Latin American Literature I (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course deals with an introduction to Latin American literature and its relationship to the dynamics of social change. The course also traces the influence of European, North American, African and pre-Columbian elements on Latin American literary movements. Topics include pre-Columbian literatures, colonization and exploration, the wars of independence and abolition. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    83. ELS201: Latin American Literature II (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of Latin American Literature I. The second term deals with urbanization, social consciousness, alienation, black awareness and the new revolutions. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    84. ELS204: Latin American Civilizations (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course deals with an in-depth study of the peoples and cultural institutions of Latin America through the examination of selected topics such as caudillismo, machismo, mestizaje, honor, slavery and aboriginal traditions as reflected in different forms of literary and artistic expression. Students will learn to comment critically on Latin American civilization and to make significant comparisons with their own backgrounds and experiences. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    85. ELS205: Latin American Civilizations (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course deals with an in-depth study of peoples and cultural institutions of Latin America through the examination of selected topics such as caulillismo, machismo, mestizaje, honor, slavery and aboriginal traditions as reflected in different forms of literary and artistic expression. Students will learn to comment critically on Latin American civilization and to make significant comparisons with their own backgrounds and experiences. In English. No exemption credit in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099 and ENC101 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    86. ELS209: Spanish Grammar and Usage (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed as a descriptive study of the structure of the Spanish language, while offering writing practice through the analysis of lexical and morphological variations and differences in register in selected texts. Students will analyze Spanish syntax, increase their understanding of the structures of Spanish and develop stylistically correct prose. They will also be able to recognize dialectical variations, differences in register, and linguistic calques. Taught in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099, ENG099, ENA099, ESA099, and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENG101/ENC101, ELS210, and ELL101

    87. ELS210: Advanced Spanish Composition (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed as an introduction to the study of fiction and stylistics in the Spanish language. Students learn to identify and utilize effective communicative strategies in written Spanish. They also build an adequate vocabulary for career or academic purposes. Weekly assignments will stress critical and composition skills. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption Exam

    88. ELS211: Spanish Literature 1 (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will familiarize students with the literature of Spain from the Middle Ages through the 1700. Students will read and analyze representative works of different styles, genres and literary periods selected every semester. This course is taught in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption Exam

    89. ELS212: Spanish Literature 2 (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course traces the development of peninsular Spanish literature from Romanticism to the present. Students will learn about the thematic, stylistic and ideological characteristics of representative movements such as romanticismo, realismo, costumbrismo, Generacion del 98, Generacion del 27, vanguardismo and pre and post Civil War neorrealismo. Feminist literature will also be considered. The course will include genre theory as it pertains to poetry drama, the short story, the novel and the essay. In Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098, ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption exam

    90. ELS215: Introduction to Hispanic Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to introduce students to Hispanic --Spanish and Latin American -- fiction, poetry, and drama through readings of representative authors from major periods, and to familiarize students with the basic tools and methodology of literary analysis. This course is taught in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS106 or Exemption Exam

    91. ELS220: Spanish for Global Business (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      The course is designed to enable the student to become familiar with the culture of the business world in Spanish-speaking countries and with basic concepts of business, economics and finance. Emphasis is placed on both oral and written communications that are standard in Latin American and Spanish business settings. Students will build language skills around pertinent terminology and develop a cross-cultural understanding of different styles of conducting business. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption Exam

    92. ELS230: History of the Spanish Language (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course traces the development of the Spanish language from the Vulgar Latin of the Middle Ages to contemporary Standard Spanish. The course focuses on the historical and cultural factors that determined changes in the morphological, lexical, phonological, semantic and syntactic development of modern Spanish. The influence of Arabic, the Amerindian and African languages, as well as contact with modern English will be considered. Taught in Spanish. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELL101 and ELS105 or Exemption Exam

    93. ELS250: Contemporary Latin American Fiction in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course explores the thematic and stylistic variety of contemporary Latin American fiction in English translation. Students will explore the themes of dictatorship, struggle with nature, the plight of natives, mestizaje, social and political unrest and alienation through the analysis of representative stories, novellas and novels. Experimental and fantastic fiction will also be considered. Students will learn about the literary movements that influenced the writers in question. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    94. ELS270: Literature of the Caribbean (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course deals with a comparative study of the novel, drama, poetry, and essay of the countries in the Caribbean basin. Course content will change according to instructor and student preferences. Representative authors may include Marti, Hostos, Llorens Torres, Guillen, Lezama Lima, Mir, Bosch, Cesaire, Carpentier and Ferre. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    95. ELT101: Elementary Tibetan 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This is a course for those with little or no understanding of Tibetan. The course will focus on development of aural comprehension, and speaking and reading skills. Students will be expected to correctly produce the Tibetan sound system, master and reproduce basic sentence patterns, and achieve the ability to engage in basic Tibetan conversation. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    96. ELT102: Elementary Tibetan 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of Elementary Tibetan 1. The course will focus on development of aural comprehension, speaking and reading skills. Students will be expected to correctly produce the Tibetan sound system, master and reproduce basic sentence patterns, and achieve the ability to engage in basic Tibetan conversation at an advanced basic to low intermediate level. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELT101 or Exemption exam

    97. ELT105: Tibetan for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed for heritage speakers of Tibetan. Communicative approach is used to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in grammar, pronunciation and vocabulary. The main goal is that students improve their knowledge of Tibetan language and culture through reading selected literary and sacred texts. This class is taught in Tibetan. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    98. ELU101: Elementary Uzbek 1
      This course is for beginners without any previous instruction in Uzbek. The course is designed to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Knowledge and understanding of Uzbek culture is also discussed through the examination of cultural practices, products, and perspectives. Writing and reading of the Uzbek orthography (both Cyrillic and Latin scripts) will be introduced. Note: A student must successfully complete ELU102 before credit is granted for ELU101.  
      Prerequisites: ESL097

    99. ELU105: Uzbek for Heritage Speakers  
      This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Uzbek enhance their reading and writing competency in the formal register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Uzbek grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Uzbek through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Uzbek.  
      Prerequisites: CSE095/ESL097, Placement Exam

    100. ELV101: Elementary Bengali 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course for beginners is designed to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills within a sociolinguistic context of Bengali-speaking people through work in the classroom and the language laboratory. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    101. ELV102: Elementary Bengali 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELV101. Listening, speaking, reading and writing skills will be further developed within a sociolinguistic context of Bengali-speaking peoples through work in the classroom and the language laboratory. All writing will be done using Bengali script. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: ELV101 or Exemption exam

    102. ELV103: Intermediate Bengali (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Bengali within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. The Bengali writing system will be reinforced. Taught in Bengali. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: ELV102 or Exemption exam

    103. ELV105: Bengali for Heritage Students (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed to enable heritage speakers of Bengali to enhance their reading and writing competence through a review of grammar and usage, basic composition strategies and analysis of primary material in the language. This course is taught in Bengali. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam

    104. ELV201: Modern Bengali Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course will familiarize students with modern Bengali literature through selected readings from various genres. Representative authors from West Bengal and Bangladesh will be studied. This course is taught in Bengali. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam 

    105. ELX101: Elementary Modern Language/Culture Equivalent 1  
      This course is designed for students who wish to participate in a study abroad program and receive Modern Language (ML) credits for a language that the College does not offer. If any existing course fits the destination of the study abroad program (e.g., Spanish for Madrid), students should use it for study abroad equivalency rather than this course. Credits from this course will satisfy only the Liberal Arts Elective or Unrestricted Elective. This course may also satisfy ML Requirements.    
      Prerequisites: CSE095/ESL097.  Approval from the Study Abroad Coordinator at LaGuardia and the Chairperson of Education and Modern Language Acquisition Department or its designee.

    106. ELX102: Elementary Modern Language/Culture Equivalent 2
      This course is designed for students who wish to participate in a study abroad program and receive Modern Language (ML) credits for a language that the College does not offer. If any existing course fits the destination of the study abroad program (e.g., Spanish for Madrid), students should use it for study abroad equivalency rather than this course. Credits from this course will satisfy only the Liberal Arts Elective or Unrestricted Elective. This course may also satisfy ML Requirements.
      Prerequisites: CSE095/ESL097. Approval from the Study Abroad Coordinator at LaGuardia and the Chairperson of Education and Modern Language Acquisition Department or its designee.

    107. ELX104: Intermediate Modern Language/Culture Equivalent 2
      This course is designed for students who wish to participate in a study abroad program and receive Modern Language (ML) credits for a language that the College does not offer. If any existing course fits the destination of the study abroad program (e.g., Spanish for Madrid), students should use it for study abroad equivalency rather than this course. Credits from this course will satisfy only the Liberal Arts Elective or Unrestricted Elective. This course may also satisfy ML Requirements.
      Prerequisites: CSE095/ESL097.  Approval from the Study Abroad Coordinator at LaGuardia and the Chairperson of Education and Modern Language Acquisition Department or its designee.

    108. ELX150: Modern Language/Culture Equivalent
      This course is designed for students who wish to participate in a study abroad program and receive one or two Modern Language (ML) credits if the study abroad program bears four or five credits. This course must be taken with another three-credit course that is equivalent to the study-abroad program that the student participates in. Credits from this course will satisfy only the Liberal Arts Elective or Unrestricted Elective. This course may also satisfy ML Requirements.     
      Prerequisites: CSE095/ESL097.  Approval from the Study Abroad Coordinator at LaGuardia and the Chairperson of Education and Modern Language Acquisition Department or its designee.

    109. ELX103: Intermediate Modern Language/Culture Equivalent 1
      This course is designed for students who wish to participate in a study abroad program and receive Modern Language (ML) credits for a language that the College does not offer. If any existing course fits the destination of the study abroad program (e.g., Spanish for Madrid), students should use it for study abroad equivalency rather than this course. Credits from this course will satisfy only the Liberal Arts Elective or Unrestricted Elective. This course may also satisfy ML Requirements.
      Prerequisites: CSE095/ESL097. Approval from the Study Abroad Coordinator at LaGuardia and the Chairperson of Education and Modern Language Acquisition Department or its designee.

    110. ELZ101: Elementary Portuguese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed for beginners of Portuguese and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Portuguese. An understanding of Portuguese language is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Portuguese pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELZ102 before receiving credit for ELZ101. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    111. ELZ102: Elementary Portuguese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is a continuation of ELZ101 Elementary Portuguese 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: ELZ101 or Exemption exam

    112. ELZ107: Portuguese for Spanish Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
      This course is designed as an accelerated introduction to Portuguese for Spanish-speaking students with native or near-native proficiency. Traditional and innovative approaches will be used to develop communication skills - understanding, speaking, reading and writing. Students will also be introduced to Portuguese culture through readings, images, lectures, music and film. The course is conducted in Portuguese. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  •  Education: Childhood Education, The Bilingual Child, Secondary Education



    1. ELB102: Educational Psychology: The Bilingual Child in an Urban Environment (3 credits; 5 hours)
      This course deals with an examination of the psychological theories of learning and motivation as they apply to bilingual children. Students will be introduced to the general concepts of educational psychology specifically as they apply to bilingual education. Theories of learning and motivation, cognition, learning disabilities and cultural pluralism will be examined in the context of preadolescent development in an urban setting. In addition to class sessions, a two-hour-per-week field lab and a case study log are required. 
      Prerequisite: ELN101

    2. ELB103: Principles and Practices of Bilingual Education and ESL (3 credits; 6 hours)
      This course deals with a) learning theories and their implications for the bilingual child in his/her total school environment, b) a review of instructional approaches and teaching strategies which could be effectively used to educate bilingual children, c) the nature of first and second language acquisition as well as the materials for the teaching of language to transitional bilingual children. 
      Prerequisite: ELB102

    3. ELB200: Teaching Reading and Language Arts in the Bilingual Classroom (3 credits; 6 hours)
      This course surveys theories, practices, and materials in the teaching of language arts in bilingual programs. It includes examination of the interrelations of listening, speaking, reading and writing, as well as the influence of culture on language development. Coursework involves developing and presenting minilessons and designing a four-week language arts unit. In addition, students will evaluate materials and present written and oral reports. A three-hour weekly field experience is required. Prerequisite: ENC/ENG101, ELB103 
      Prerequisite: NA

    4. ELD170: Integrated Curriculum A: Framework for the Developing Child (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This first course in the Child Development sequence introduces the concept of the integrated curriculum as the preferred approach in early childhood education. Theories on the acquisition of language and its sequential development will provide a framework for understanding the significance of language in interpersonal relationships within one's culture and across other cultural groups. Curriculum experiences for children will be planned and tested in a required co-requisite internship setting. 
      Prerequisite: HSC102, SSS100 or SSB110 Pre- or Corequisite: SSY101 | Corequisite: Approved Co-op internship
    5. ELD171: Integrated Curriculum B: Developing ProblemSolving Skills (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This course will introduce students to the problem solving and logical thinking processes that are common to both science and mathematics learning for young children. The continuing emphasis on language development will focus on building a specialized vocabulary and the communication of thinking processes. The course will also foster knowledge and understanding of the mathematical, and scientific legacies ancient cultures and civilizations have passed on to the modern world. There is a required corequisite internship. 
      Prerequisite: ELD170 | Pre- or Corequisite: MAT103 or SCB101 or SCP101 Corequisite: Approved Co-op internship

    6. ELD172: Integrated Curriculum C: Developing Creativity (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This course will consider the media through which children's creativity is expressed. The content will focus on the use of imaginative play, music and movement, art and materials. The course will also challenge students to study and present art, music and literature in their many forms from various cultural, ethnic, religious, and racial perspectives. 
      Prerequisite: ELD170 | Pre- or Corequisite: HUA101 or HUM101, SSY240 Corequisite: Approved Co-op internship

    7. ELE111: Fieldwork I Bilingual Education (1 credit; 6 hours)
      This course introduces students to their first fieldwork experience in bilingual education programs, grades 1-6 in public schools. Students must register concurrently for ELN120 and ELE115, which provide theoretical and reflective frameworks to analyze fieldwork observations. Observations focus on socialization and stratification; school knowledge; student cultures; teaching practice; and school effectiveness and reform in diverse classroom settings. A minimum of 60 hours of classroom observations is required. Prerequisite: SSH106 | Corequisites: ELE115, ELN120 
      Prerequisite: NA

    8. ELE112: Fieldwork I Childhood Education (1 credit; 6 hours)
      This course introduces students to their first fieldwork experience in grades 1 to 6 in public schools. Students must register concurrently for ELN120 and ELE115, which provide theoretical and reflective frameworks to analyze and evaluate fieldwork observations. Observations focus on socialization and stratification; school knowledge; student cultures; teaching practice; and school effectiveness and reform in diverse classroom settings. A minimum of 60 hours of classroom observation is required. 
      Prerequisite: SSH101 or SSH102 Corequisites: ELE115, ELN120

    9. ELE113: Fieldwork I Secondary Education (1 credit; 6 hours)
      This course introduces students to their first fieldwork experience in middle and high schools, grades 7-12 in public settings. Students must register concurrently for ELN120 and ELE114, which provide theoretical and reflective frameworks to analyze fieldwork observations. Observations focus on socialization and stratification; school knowledge; student cultures; teaching practice; and school effectiveness and reform in diverse classroom settings. A minimum of 60 hours of classroom observations is required. Prerequisite: SSH101 | Corequisites: ELE114, ELN120 
      Prerequisite: NA

    10. ELE114: Reflective Seminar I Secondary Education (1 credit; 2 hours (1 lecture, 1 lab))
      Taken concurrently with ELN120 and fieldwork in public schools, this reflective seminar gives students majoring in secondary education a framework to integrate fieldwork observations with classroom theory and research on the social, philosophical, economic and cultural foundations of education. Topics include fieldwork preparation and placement; classroom observations; practitioner research; reflective practice; and preparation and presentation of students' first teaching ePortfolio. 
      Prerequisite: SSH101 Corequisites: ELN113, ELN120

    11. ELE115: Seminar I Childhood & Bilingual Education (1 credit; 2 hours (1 lecture, 1 lab))
      Taken concurrently with ELN120 and fieldwork in public schools, this beginning reflective seminar gives students majoring in childhood and bilingual education a framework to integrate fieldwork observations with classroom theory and research on the social, philosophical, economic and cultural foundations of education. Topics include fieldwork preparation and placement; classroom observations; practitioner research; reflective practice; and preparation and presentation of students' first teaching ePortfolio. Prerequisite: Child Ed: SSH101 or SSH102; Bilingual Ed SSH106 | Corequisites: ELE111 or ELE112, ELN120 
      Prerequisite: NA

    12. ELE140: Music Education in Early Childhood (2 credits; 2 hours)
      This course discusses the importance of including music in early childhood education for the full development of the individual child. Students research different models of early childhood music instruction and current best-practices in the U.S. Emphasis is given to the role of singing, playing, moving, listening, and recreation in the early childhood curriculum. Assignments include 5 hours of child observation. 
      Prerequisite: ENC/G101, ESL/R099, MAT096

    13. ELE141: Developing Creativity (2 credits; 2 hours)
      This course explores the artistic and creative development of children from birth to 8 years old. Focusing on the visual arts, the course provides an overview of how children make sense of their world and explore their feelings and ideas through art. Emphasis is placed on the development of the art curriculum in early education, basic teaching skills, guidance techniques and activities, equipment and materials appropriate for various ages and maturity levels, and diverse cultural perspectives. Includes 5 hours of child observation. 
      Prerequisite: ENC/G101, ESL/R099, MAT096

    14. ELE203: Language and Literacy in Childhood Education (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This Writing Intensive course provides a comprehensive overview of the development, learning and teaching of literacy from kindergarten through grade six. Topics include the relationship between written and spoken language and oral language development in children in culturally, academically, and linguistically diverse groups, literacy assessment, emergent literacy, phonemic awareness, reading/writing fluency, reading comprehension, and literacy across the curriculum. Students must register for co-op internship. Prerequisite: ELL101, ELN120, ENG102, ESL/R099, MAT096, SSY105 | Corequisite: CPB011 
      Prerequisite: NA

    15. ELE204: Language and Literacy in Secondary Education (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This Writing Intensive course is designed to promote students' understanding of the importance of issues concerning language and literacy in secondary education and their relevance to classroom practices. Students will learn about first and second language acquisition, dialects, discourses and other language abilities, communicative styles, language complexity, and strategies for teaching content-area material to a diverse student body. Students must register for fieldwork and reflective seminar. 
      Prerequisite: ELL101, ELN120, ENG102, MAT096 Corequisites: ELE113, ELE114

    16. ELE205: Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Education (4 credits; 4 hours)
      This Writing Intensive course introduces students to language and literacy development of children from birth to 8 years of age. Coursework includes the development of language, pre-literacy, emergent and early literacy, the foundational role of early literacy learning, the importance of print-rich environments and intentional instructional practices, family literacy practices, and early learning guidelines and standards, among others. Students must complete 80 hours of child observation. 
      Prerequisite: ELL101, ELL121, ENG102, ESL/R099, SSY105

    17. ELE206: Family, School & Community in Early Education (2 credits: 2 hours)
      This course is an overview of current research and practice on the educational experiences of young children in the context of family, school, and community. Topics include the application of knowledge on cultural, racial, ethnic, income and linguistic diversity. The significance of family diversity, socio-cultural contexts, and urban poverty for early learning is addressed. Parent communication, involvement and collaboration are also explored. Course assignments include 5 hours of child observation. 
      Prerequisite: ELN121, ENG102, ESL/R099, MAT096

    18. ELE211: Fieldwork II Bilingual Education (1 credit; 6 hours)
      This course introduces Bilingual Education students to advanced fieldwork in grades 1 to 6 in public schools. Students examine language and literacy instruction in bilingual education settings, focusing their observations on written and spoken language development in children in diverse groups; literacy assessment; emergent literacy; phonemic awareness; reading/writing fluency; reading comprehension; and literacy across the curriculum. 60 hours of fieldwork are required. ELE203 and ELE215 are co-requisite courses. 
      Prerequisite: ELE111, ELE115, ELL101, MAT096, SSY105 Pre-corequisite: ENG102 | Corequisite: ELE203, ELE215

    19. ELE212: Fieldwork II Childhood Education (1 credit; 6 hours)
      This course introduces Childhood Education students to advanced fieldwork in grades 1 to 6 in public schools. Students examine language and literacy instruction in general education settings, focusing their observations on written and spoken language development in children in diverse groups; literacy assessment; emergent literacy; phonemic awareness; reading/writing fluency; reading comprehension; and literacy across the curriculum. 60 hours of fieldwork are required. ELE203 and ELE215 are co-requisite courses. 
      Prerequisite: ELE112, ELE115, ELL101, MAT096, SSY105 Pre-corequisite: ENG102 | Corequisite: ELE203, ELE215

    20. ELE213: Fieldwork II Secondary Education (1 credit; 6 hours)
      This course introduces Secondary Education students to advanced fieldwork in grades 7 to 12 in public schools. Observations focus on communication in the content areas; how literacy processes, practices, and events are used to construct knowledge in a diverse classroom setting; and how instructional strategies promote meaning, comprehension, connections, and creativity. A minimum of 60 hours of classroom observation are required. Students register concurrently for ELE204 and ELE214. 
      Prerequisite: ELE113, ELE114, ELL101, MAT096 Pre-corequisite: ENG102 | Corequisite: ELE204, ELE214

    21. ELE214: Reflective Seminar II Secondary Education (1 credit; 2 hours (1 lecture, 1 lab))
      Taken concurrently with ELE204 and fieldwork in public schools, this advanced reflective seminar gives students majoring in secondary education a framework to integrate fieldwork observations with classroom theory and research on the language and literacy learning in secondary education (grades 7-12). Topics include fieldwork preparation and placement; classroom observations; practitioner research; reflective practice; and preparation and presentation of students' Capstone teaching ePortfolios. Prerequisites: ELE114, MAT096 | Corequisites: ELE204, ELE213 
      Prerequisite: NA

    22. ELE215: Reflective Seminar II Bilingual & Child Education (1 credit; 2 hours (1 lecture, 1 lab))
      Taken concurrently with ELE203 and fieldwork in public schools, this advanced reflective seminar gives students majoring in childhood and bilingual education a framework to integrate fieldwork observations with classroom theory and research on the language and literacy learning in grades 1 through 6. Topics include fieldwork preparation and placement; classroom observations; practitioner research; reflective practice; and preparation and presentation of students' final Capstone ePortfolios. Prerequisites: ELE115, MAT096, SSY105 | Corequisites: ELE203, ELE211 or ELE212 
      Prerequisite: NA

    23. ELN120: Foundations of American Education (3 credits; 3 hours)
      This Writing Intensive course introduces students to the cultural, social, political, historical, and philosophical forces that influence education, particularly in urban settings. Through the use of New York City schools as a laboratory, students examine issues related to urban and language minority students. Topics include analysis of major educational ideas, and practices and pedagogy of education and bilingual education. Students must also register for fieldwork and reflective seminar. 
      Prerequisite: NA

    24. ELN121: Foundations of Early Childhood Education (4 credits; 4 hours)
      This Writing Intensive course introduces students to the social, cultural, economic, and historical forces influencing early childhood education (ECE) in NYC and other urban settings. It also includes definitions of ECE's function and curriculum, ECE as a profession, the role of federal, state and city policies and agencies, early learning assessment, quality and equity, and issues of social inclusion and respect for diversity. Students must complete 80 hours of child observation. 
      Prerequisite: ENC/G101, ESL/R099 | Prerequisite: SSH101 or SSH102 or SSH106 | Pre-corequisite: MAT095, ENG102 | Corequisite: ELE111, ELE112, ELE113, ELE114 or ELE115

    25. CEP111: Cooperative Education: Childhood Education Internship I (2 credits; 2 hours)
      Introductory internship experience in a secondary education class- room setting. Students will have the opportunity to: explore the field of secondary education as a profession; integrate classroom theory with internship experience; and apply and strengthen inter- personal, technological, and critical thinking skills, while assisting students with diverse needs. A minimum of eighty hours at the internship site is required. A concurrent seminar provides a frame- work for analyzing and evaluating students' experience. 
      Prerequisite: NA

    26. CEP112: Cooperative Education: Childhood Education Internship II (2 credits; 2 hours)
      This is an introductory internship experience in a childhood edu- cation setting. Students will have the opportunity to: explore the field of education as a profession; integrate classroom theory with internship experience; and apply and strengthen interpersonal, technological and critical thinking skills, while assisting students with diverse needs. A minimum of eighty hours at the internship site is required. A concurrent seminar provides a framework for analyzing and evaluating students' experience. 
      Prerequisite: NA

    27. CEP175: Cooperative Education: Bilingual Education Internship I (2 credits; 2 hours)
      This is an introductory internship experience in a bilingual class- room setting. Students will have the opportunity to: explore the field of education as a profession; integrate classroom theory with internship experience; and apply and strengthen interpersonal, technological, and critical thinking skills, while assisting students with diverse needs. A minimum of eighty hours at the internship site is required. A concurrent seminar provides a framework for analyzing and evaluating students' experience. 
      Prerequisite: NA

    28. CEP212: Co-op-Ed: Childhood Education Internship II (0 credits: 2 seminar hours; 80 total internship hours)
      This is a second-level internship experience in an early childhood education setting. Students will observe and reflect on the field of education as a profession; integrate language and literacy devel- opment theories and practices with internship experiences; and apply and strengthen core competencies, while assisting students with diverse needs. A minimum of eighty hours at the internship site is required. A required concurrent seminar provides a frame- work for evaluating students' experiences. 
      Prerequisites: ENC/ENG101, ELN120, CEP111, CPA011 Corequisites: ELE203, CEP212, and CPB011

    29. CEP275: Co-op-Ed: Bilingual Education Internship II (0 credits: 2 seminar hours; 80 total internship hours)
      This is a second-level internship experience in a bilingual class- room setting. Students will observe and reflect on the field of edu- cation as a profession; integrate language and literacy development theories and practices with internship experience; and apply and strengthen core competencies, while assisting students with diverse needs. A minimum of eighty hours at the internship site is required. A required concurrent seminar provides a framework for analyzing and evaluating students' experience. Prerequisites: ENC/ENG101, ELE120, CEP175, CPA011 Corequisites: ELE203, CEP275, and CPB011 
      Prerequisite: NA

    30. CPA011 Reflective Practice in the Teaching Profession I (NA)
      Students on either first or second internships in educational settings may take this combined seminar. The focus is on the play- ers in the classroom -- children, teachers, and other participating adults -- as well as factors which influence the classroom, both in and out of school, and the refinement of observation and com- munication skills essential for investigating a variety of classroom issues. Seminar topics will also focus on classroom management, teaching, and student learning and behavior. 
      Corequisite: For Childhood Education, CEP112 and ELN120 Corequisite: For Secondary Education, CEP111 and ELN120 Corequisite: For Bilingual Child, CEP175 and ELN120

    31. CPB011: Reflective Practice in the Teaching Profession II (This course is designed to present experience-based learning and reflective practice to complement topics in language and literacy courses in childhood, bilingual and secondary education. Through classroom observation and activities on their internship assignments, students will be able to identify, report, interpret and reflect on issues that have relevance to language and literacy. A teaching ePortfolio will be designed to meet national standards and to pres- ent students' growth and development.)
      Prerequisites: ENC/ENG101, ELN120, CEP111, CPA011; Corequisites: ELE204, CEP212, 115, 176, and CPB011 Corequisite for Childhood Education: CEP212 and ELE203 Corequisite for Secondary Education: CEP211 and ELE204 Corequisite for Bilingual Child: CEP275 and ELE203 
      24 classroom seminar to accompany internship.

    32. IND100: Portfolio Development (1 credit; 2 hours)
      This course will assist students to develop a portfolio that provides a description of life/workplace experiences and learning accom- plishments as they relate to the objectives of a college credit course. As a process for reflective learning and professional devel- opment, it will require students to design and create an ePortfolio that contains evidence of, and reflection on, curricular, co-curric- ular and personal accomplishments. A request for additional credit through various departments is optional. 
      Prerequisite: NA
  •  Deaf Studies

    ELN101 Introduction to Bilingualism 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    The course provides a general introduction to bilingualism. It covers the rationale, principles and applications of a bilingual philosophy of learning. It considers cognitive, psycholinguistic, social and political aspects of bilingualism. It examines language acquisition theories and issues of language and culture maintenance. It also introduces models of bilingual education and bilingual instruction, including past and present legislation. Experiential learning constitutes a significant part of the course. 
    Prerequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 
    This is a Writing Intensive course

    ELM101 American Sign Language I 
    3 credits; 4 hours (3 lecture, 1 lab) 
    This course introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) as used by the Deaf community, including vocabulary, syntax, grammar, semantics, language in use and Deaf cultural notes. It focuses on the development of language and communication competencies. 
    Prerequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101, ESL/R099, MAT096 
    Note: A student must successfully complete ELM102 American Sign Language II before credit is granted for ELM101 American Sign Language I

    ELM102 American Sign Language II 
    3 credits; 4 hours (3 lecture, 1 lab) 
    This course builds on the foundations of American Sign Language 1 (ELM 101). The course focuses on American Sign Language as used by the Deaf community and includes instruction in vocabulary, syntax, grammar, semantics, language in use and Deaf cultural behavior. The course focuses on the development of language and communication competencies. 
    Prerequisite: ELM101

    ELM103 American Sign Language III 
    3 credits; 4 hours (3 lecture, 1 lab) 
    This course builds on students’ ASL competences and their use of ASL in a variety of discourse and narrative settings. Skills to be developed are: spatial organization, semantic awareness, complex use of ASL grammar and syntax, the use of classifiers, cultural perspectives of content and Deaf people’s views of both Deaf and hearing worlds. 
    Prerequisite: ELM102

    ELM104 American Sign Language IV 
    3 credits; 4 hours (3 lecture, 1 lab) 
    This course focuses on the advanced development of students’ ASL competences and their use of ASL in a variety of discourse and narrative settings. Skills to be developed are: spatial organization, spatial visualization and mapping work; analysis of semantics, complex use of ASL grammar and syntax, the use of classifiers, and cultural perspectives of contents and Deaf culture and bilingual perspectives.
    Prerequisite: ELM103

    ELM111 ASL Fingerspelling, Numbers and Glossing 1 
    1 credit; 2 hours (1 lecture, 1 lab) 
    This course introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) fingerspelling , numbers and glossing. It focuses on the development of ASL parameters, including hand shapes, orientation, location, movement and non-manual signals.
    Prerequisite: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099/ENC101, ESL/R099, MAT095 
    Pre-corequisite: ELM102

    ELM112 Fingerspelling, Numbers & Glossing 2 
    2 credits; 3 hours (2 lecture, 1 lab) 
    This course builds on the foundations of American Sign Language (ASL) fingerspelling, numbering and glossing covered in ELM 111. The course focuses on the further development of ASL parameters, including hand shapes, orientation, location, movement and non-manual signs. 
    Prerequisite: ELM111 
    Pre-corequisite: ELM103

    SSS190 Sociology of the American Deaf Communities 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course examines the concepts of culture and community and their applications to the deaf and hard of hearing communities. This inquiry leads to an understanding of the implications of culture and community for the individual and to an exploration of the current economic, political, and social issues with the deaf and hard of hearing communities, as well as future directions. 
    Prerequisite: ENC/ENG101, SSS100 or SSB110

  •  International Studies

    ELF250 Modern French Literature in Translation 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course is an introduction to modern French literature in English translation. Readings are chosen from important literary movements: Enlightenment, Romanticism, Dadaism, Surrealism, Existentialism, and the New Novel. Attention is paid not only to the texts themselves, but also to the literary movements and forms they represent.
    Prerequisite: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    ELJ250 Japanese Literature In Translation 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course is an introduction to Japanese literature in English translation. Selected classics of Japanese literature representative of the major genres from the early to the modern period will be read and discussed. Thematic and stylistic variety of various genres will be explored. Knowledge of the Japanese language is not required. 
    Prerequisite: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    ELS250 Latin American Fiction in Translation 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course explores the thematic and stylistic variety of contemporary Latin American fiction in English translation. Students will explore the themes of dictatorship, struggle with nature, the plight of natives, mestizaje, social and political unrest and alienation through the analysis of representative stories, novellas and novels. Experimental and fantastic fiction will also be considered. Students will learn about the literary movements that influenced the writers in question. 
    Prerequisite: ENA/ENC/ENG101

    ENG247 The Woman Writer: Her Vision and Her Art 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course will explore the unique experience of the woman writer. Studying works written by women from a variety of cultures, races, and classes will reveal how being a woman has influenced the woman writer’s creative interpretation of the human condition. Maya Angelou, Charlotte Bronte, Maxine Hong Kingston, Emily Dickinson, Tillie Olsen and Leslie Marmon Silko will be read. 
    Prerequisite: ENC/ENG101

  •  Japanese Studies

     ELJ101: Elementary Japanese I

                    - Recommended for: Those without any previous knowledge of Japanese

                    - Proficiency Goal: Students can talk and write about themselves and basic everyday activities;  ACTFL OPI Novice Mid

    ELJ102: Elementary Japanese II

                    - Recommended for: Those with previous Japanese instruction for about 50 hours; Good command of Hiragana, Katakana, and basic vocabulary (adjective and verbs)

                    - Proficiency Goal: Students can describe food, hometown, family members in more complex sentence structures, and talk and write about basic activities in the past. About 50 kanji characters;  ACTFL OPI Novice Mid-High

    ELJ103: Intermediate Japanese I

                    - Recommended for: Those with previous Japanese instruction for about 100 hours; Good command of the Japanese characters (about 50 basic kanji) and verb/adjective conjugation (te-form and plain form)

                    - Proficiency Goal: Students can describe weather, annual events, health, and travel plans, and can talk and write about various activities in complex sentence structures. About 75-100 kanji characters; ACTFL OPI Novice High; JLPT N5

    ELJ104: Intermediate Japanese II

                    - Recommended for: Those with previous Japanese instruction for about 150 hours; Knowledge of basic vocabulary and some basic sentence structures (e.g., -teiru, -ta-koto-ga aru, -sou etc.).

                    - Proficiency Goal: Students can describe, make requests, ask favors, and explain procedures. Students can write a substantial amount of Japanese (400-600 characters) given a topic that has been covered in class;  ACTFL OPI Intermed Low; JLPT N4

    ELJ105: Japanese for Heritage Students

                    - Recommended for: Students who speak Japanese as a heritage language (e.g., those who were born in the U.S. between Japanese parents and completed their formal education in English).

                    - Proficiency Goal: Students will learn Japanese vocabulary and structures used in professional and educational registers, including honorific (meshiagaru) and humble (itadaku) forms of verbs.  ACTFL OPI Advanced to Superior; JLPT N1 or N2.

    ELJ201: Modern Japanese Literature

                    - Recommended for: Heritage speakers of Japanese who may use or hear Japanese as their home language

                    - Proficiency Goal: Students will be acquainted with various Japanese pragmatics through the reading and writing about the Japanese literature with using kanji characters on the Joyo-kanji list.

    ELJ250: Japanese Literature in Translation

                    - Recommended for: No knowledge of Japanese language is required.

                    - Proficiency Goal: NA


  •  Latin American Studies

    ELS200 Latin American Literature I 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course deals with an introduction to Latin American literature and its relationship to the dynamics of social change. The course also traces the influence of European, North American, African and pre-Columbian elements on Latin American literary movements. Topics include pre-Columbian literatures, colonization and exploration, the wars of independence and abolition. 
    Prerequisite: Placement Exam

    ELS201 Latin American Literature II 

    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course is a continuation of Latin American Literature I. The second term deals with urbanization, social consciousness, alienation, black awareness and the new revolutions.
    Prerequisite: Placement Exam

    ELS204 Latin American Civilizations 

    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course deals with an in-depth study of the peoples and cultural institutions of Latin America through the examination of selected topics such as caudillismo, machismo, mestizaje, honor, slavery and aboriginal traditions as reflected in different forms of literary and artistic expression. Students will learn to comment critically on Latin American civilization and to make significant comparisons with their own backgrounds and experiences. 
    Prerequisite: Placement ExamELS210 Advanced Spanish Composition

    ELN101 Introduction to Bilingualism 

    3 credits; 3 hours 
    The course provides a general introduction to bilingualism. It covers the rationale, principles and applications of a bilingual philosophy of learning. It considers cognitive, psycholinguistic, social and political aspects of bilingualism. It examines language acquisition theories and issues of language and culture maintenance. It also introduces models of bilingual education and bilingual instruction, including past and present legislation. Experiential learning constitutes a significant part of the course. Prerequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 
    This is a Writing Intensive course

  •  Spanish English Translation

    ELL101 Introduction to Language 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    An introduction to the nature, structure and history of language, this course surveys the scientific study of language and answers the question of what it means to “know” a language. Areas covered include phonology, word structure, sentence structure, how language is acquired, how languages change through time, language in society and writing systems. 
    Prerequisite: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101

    ELS209 Spanish Grammar and Usage 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course is designed as a descriptive study of the structure of the Spanish language, while offering writing practice through the analysis of lexical and morphological variations and differences in register in selected texts. Students will analyze Spanish syntax, increase their understanding of the structures of Spanish and develop stylistically correct prose. They will also be able to recognize dialectical variations, differences in register and linguistic calques. Taught in Spanish. 
    Prerequisite: ENC/ENG101, ELS210ELS210 Advanced Spanish Composition 

    ELS204 Latin American Civilizations 
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This course deals with an in-depth study of the peoples and cultural institutions of Latin America through the examination of selected topics such as caudillismo, machismo, mestizaje, honor, slavery and aboriginal traditions as reflected in different forms of literary and artistic expression. Students will learn to comment critically on Latin American civilization and to make significant comparisons with their own backgrounds and experiences. 
    Prerequisite: Placement Exam

    ENG/ELL110 English Grammar and Syntax
    3 credits; 3 hours 
    This is a grammar and syntax course. The course focuses on the grammatical structures necessary in academic discourse. The course begins with a review of the English verb system and covers preposition use, English word order, adverb, adjective and noun clauses, reported speech, article usage, complex conditionals and passive voice. Additional topics may be selected in response to particular needs and interests of the students in the class. 
    Pre- or Corequisite: CSE095, ESL/ESR099

  •  Linguistics


    1. ELL101: Introduction to Language (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, Pathways: Scientific World)
      An introduction to the nature, structure and history of language, this course surveys the scientific study of language and answers the question of what it means to "know" a language. Areas covered include phonology, word structure, sentence structure, how language is acquired, how languages change through time, language in society and writing systems. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099 and ELG/ESA099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    2. ELL110: English Grammar and Syntax (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, )
      This course focuses on the formal concepts and categories of English grammar and syntax, sometimes both proficient and non-proficient writers and speakers of English find useful but may be unfamiliar with. The course is appropriate for students who are trying to improve their own writing as well as those interested in teaching or in learning languages, as a knowledge of the grammar of one language makes learning about another language easier. The course is an advanced course in that it examines grammatical concepts and categories both in isolation and extended discourse and explores the usefulness of these concepts in various grammatical systems. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ENA/ENG099 and ESL/ESR099 | College-level Prerequisites: NA

    3. ELL114: Normal Language Development (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, )
      This course provides a comprehensive overview of normal language acquisition and development. It explores historical and current language theories, research findings and basic stages of typically developing language users. Related topics include an exploration of second language acquisition and atypical language development in people with specific language impairment. 
      Prerequisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: HUC106 or ELL101

    4. ELL210: English Morphology (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, )
      This course applies linguistic principles to the study of the English vocabulary and examines morphemes and how they combine to form English words. Topics include an overview of the history of English with particular emphasis on word development, word histories, sound change and meaning change, sources of new words, usage and variation and slang. 
      Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENG101 and ELL101

    5. ELL220: Introduction to Sociolinguistics (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, )
      This course surveys topics in sociolinguistics including language codes, regional and social dialects, and language variation as well as the cultural basis of language codes. Additional areas of study include the origins of pidgin and creole languages and the formation of speech communities/communities of practice. An overview of research methods common to sociolinguistic research will also be introduced. 
      Prerequisites: MAT096 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENG101 and ELL101
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